Core Principles of Vision Zero
The Vision Zero concept was created in Sweden in 1997 and is widely credited with a significant reduction in fatal and serious crashes on Sweden’s roads since that time.
Cities across the United States are adopting bold Vision Zero initiatives that share common principles:
- Traffic deaths are preventable and unacceptable.
- Human life takes priority over mobility and other objectives of the road system. The street system should be safe for all users, for all modes of transportation, in all communities, and for people of all ages and abilities.
- Human error is inevitable and unpredictable; the transportation system should be designed to anticipate error so the consequence is not severe injury or death. Advancements in vehicle design and technology are necessary to avoid the safety impacts of human errors and poor behaviors.
- People are inherently vulnerable and speed is a fundamental predictor of crash survival. The transportation system should be designed for speeds that protect human life.
- Safe human behaviors, education, and enforcement are essential contributors to a safe system.
- Policies at all levels of government need to align with making safety the highest priority for roadways.